The 28th Regiment's biggest battle in the Pyrenees was at the Maya Pass, where they also spent the winter of 1813. On 20 July 1813 the French attacked with two divisions against the two defending British brigades. Eventually the British had to retire, but only after a hard-fought battle. Ensign Dalmar of the 28th Regiment was shot through the heart by a French sharpshooter while he was carrying the Regimental Colours. Ensign Hill, seeing the colours fall, instantly ran forward and took them up, exclaiming, "The Colours of the Slashers should never want a person to display them to the enemy".  Scarcely had he spoken than the sharpshooter shot him in the same place. Fortunately for Hill he had a handkerchief in his breast pocket which saved him. "The ball passed through his coat, waistcoat, 13 fold of handkerchief and his shirt, giving him a severe contusion in the breast he suffered from spitting blood for a long time afterwards."  The sharpshooter was despatched immediately afterwards. In the same action Cadell praised the Regimental Chaplain, the Reverend Charles Firth, who behaved in a most honourable fashion. "Being a strong man, he carried down on his back, one after the other, three or four of the officers of our brigade who had been severely wounded, from the heights where the action was fought, to the village of Maya, a distance of a mile and a half."  It was not only the soldiers who acted courageously; chaplains, surgeons and women looking for the dead or wounded also braved the battlefield.
Shortly after the action at Maya, during the retreat to the main body of the army, Sir Rowland Hill's Division, of which the 28th was part, had to hold the French at Lizaso. Hill formed his troops on a steep slope, with a wood to their backs, and used the 28th as a reserve, sending companies to wherever they were needed along the line. Captain Hartman was sent with two companies of the 28th to rally a Portuguese battalion, and managed to repel the French down the hill. Lieutenant Anderson of the Grenadier Company collected several small parties of the regiment who had become separated from the main battalion for a similar purpose. He saw that the village of a Ariba, approximately halfway up the slope, was held strongly by French troops, and that a Portuguese battalion could not take it from them. Anderson led his party of 18 'Slashers' to their assistance. When he arrived at El Ariba he found great numbers of the enemy in the streets, but he succeeded in rallying the Portuguese and in driving the French from the village. Lance Corporal Tank of No 2 Company was conspicuous on this occasion, as Cadell writes: "On charging the enemy down the hill towards the village, they came to a precipice, where Tank's muscular arms rendered good service; we could plainly see him from our position, at work with his musket and bayonet, forking the Frenchmen over it like sheaves of corn tossed from a cart."  At the battle to cross the Nivelle, Cadell saw Blakeney, now a Captain with the 36th Regiment due to his heroism at Arroy des Molinos, receive an injury from grapeshot in his leg. Despite this he would not retire from the frontline, but stayed near his men, propped against a tree to cheer and wave them on. Lieutenant Irwin of the 28th was guarding the baggage train on this occasion, but still became involved in the action. A French flank attack had penetrated behind the British lines, and only by rounding up the few servants, batmen and auxiliaries he could find and leading them against the foe could Irwin prevent the baggage being ransacked. He managed to drive the French back across the ridge.
Irwin, an Irishman and a very big fellow, was a great asset to the regiment he was humorous, good-natured and brave, and a fine soldier. While he was on piquet duty near Toulouse, he saw a fire in a cottage that had been used as a billet by the French. There were groans coining from inside, so Irwin decided to investigate. As they had no rope, the piquet linked hands, with the lieutenant in front. They brought out an old Frenchman, close to suffocation, who was astonished to find that he had been saved by British troops. Another incident in which Irwin was involved occurred on the march from Alba in 1812, which allowed him "a singular opportunity of displaying his personal strength and intrepidity".  An overdriven and maddened bullock smashed into the ranks of the regiment and unceremoniously began knocking men down. "Lieutenant Irwin rushed forward and boldly seizing the animal by the horns, actually threw him over his back into a deep cut in the road."  There the bullock was killed and cut up by the hungry soldiers who used the hide to make sandals for those whose shoes had worn out.
In 1814, near Bayonne, Chariton of the 61st Regiment was in danger not from the French, but from his own men. He went to a French house to obtain some warm water to bathe a wounded eye. Inside, he found three British soldiers from the Light Company of the 32nd Regiment, their bayonets drawn. An old man was on the floor and an old woman in the bed, while a young girl sobbed on her knees before the three men. Charlton was furious and shouted, "Begone you cowards, a disgrace to your country and the name of soldier or I will order the Provost Marshal to hang you on the next tree!".  Two of the men made to leave, but the third began to dispute Chariton's authority, saying he was not of the same regiment. Chariton drew his sword and told him he was his direct commanding officer, being then in charge of the Light Brigade, and aimed a blow at the man's head. Realising the man was drunk and would not move or parry, Charlton moved the blade aside at the last minute and the fellow staggered humbly away. The three men were tried by Court Martial, and Charlton was congratulated by the Brigade Commander. He became very friendly with the French family, and enjoyed their hospitality on several occasions.
Charlton had another chance to show his bravery in the last battle of the war. During 1814 Soult's French army had been pushed back further and further into the interior of France, and he decided on 24 March to make a stand at his major supply depot in the area, Toulouse, but Wellington did not decide until 10 April on a final attack on the city. The main thrust was to be carried out by General Beresford with the Fourth, Sixth and Spanish Divisions, and several diversionary attacks were to be made to confuse the defenders. This attack was to be led by the 11th, 36th and 61st Regiments who were to advance up a great redoubt, Mont Rave, to take the heavily defended French positions. As the 61st Regiment climbed to the halfway point on the hill, the French opened fire. "At this critical moment the 61st officers commanding Companies, placing themselves in front of their men, gallantly led them forward and although every step was marked with the fall of a comrade, not a trigger was pulled, excepting by the Light Companies, nor a man fell back, the wounded excepted, until the hill was crowned."  Charlton claimed that because of his lack of a heavy pack, being a member of the Light Infantry, he was the first to the top. Seeing the French attempting to counterattack, he cried, "No halt! Now that they are on the run we must keep at it."  Charlton rushed ahead once again with the other officers. They all leaped into a redoubt, Charlton calling out, "Rendezvous, monsieurs!" until a musket volley dropped every man present.  Charlton was struck in the chest, but was remarkably saved in the same manner as Ensign Hill of the 28th Regiment at Maya, by a silk handkerchief in his breast pocket. Charlton helped a friend, Lieutenant Harris, back to the surgeon at the rear, but once there, against medical advice, he turned round and went back to his battalion. All the 61st Regiment's officers but four had been killed or wounded, and its commander, Colonel Coghlan, lay dead; Charlton was the senior officer present and therefore took command. The South Gloucestershire Regiment had been reduced to 250 men, yet Charlton took them to support the attack on the French secondary defences. He recalls seeing a sharpshooter of the 61st rush forward from the battalion to within feet of the nearest French column, there to kneel down and shoot dead its commander. Forced by exertion to lie down, Charlton was wounded again, this time by a shell which damaged his ankle, so that he was unable to continue. The 61st Regiment lost 19 officers, eight sergeants and 153 rank and file killed or wounded in the battle, and were officially recognised by Wellington in his despatches. Just before the battle the battalion had received new uniforms, and the bright scarlet jacketed bodies of their dead stood out on the hillside; from then on they were given the nickname the 'Flowers of Toulouse'.